Schedule 4 of the Indian Constitution lists the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament. The Rajya Sabha is made up of members who are elected by the elected members of state legislative assemblies. The allocation of seats is determined by the President of India, based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission.
The Delimitation Commission is a body that is established by the President of India every ten years, or as required. The Commission is responsible for the delimitation of parliamentary and assembly constituencies in the country. The delimitation process involves the drawing of boundaries for constituencies based on the number of voters and other factors.
Schedule 4 of the Constitution specifies the number of seats that are allocated to each state in the Rajya Sabha. The allocation is made based on the population of the state, with larger states receiving more seats than smaller ones. The total number of seats in the Rajya Sabha is fixed at 250, with 238 members being elected by the state legislative assemblies and 12 members being appointed by the President of India.
The current allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha is as follows:
Andhra Pradesh: 11
Arunachal Pradesh: 1
Himachal Pradesh: 3
Madhya Pradesh: 11
Tamil Nadu: 18
Uttar Pradesh: 31
West Bengal: 16
Schedule 4 of the Constitution is important because it ensures that the states are adequately represented in the Rajya Sabha. The upper house of the Parliament plays an important role in the legislative process, as it is responsible for reviewing and scrutinizing bills that are passed by the lower house, the Lok Sabha.
In conclusion, Schedule 4 of the Indian Constitution outlines the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha, which is the upper house of the Indian Parliament. The allocation of seats is made based on the population of each state, with larger states receiving more seats than smaller ones. This ensures that the states are adequately represented in the Rajya Sabha, which plays an important role in the legislative process.