Part III of the Indian Constitution, which consists of Articles 12 to 35, guarantees fundamental rights to all citizens of India. These fundamental rights are considered essential for the growth and development of individuals and society as a whole. The fundamental rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution are inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Constitution of the United States of America.
Understanding the Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution
The fundamental rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution are:
1. Right to Equality: Article 14 guarantees the right to equality before the law and equal protection of laws to all citizens. Article 15 prohibits discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
2 . Right to Freedom: Article 19 guarantees six freedoms, namely, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of assembly, freedom of association, freedom of movement, freedom of residence and the right to practice any profession or occupation.
3 . Right against Exploitation: Article 23 prohibits trafficking of humans, forced labour, and child labour.
4 . Right to Freedom of Religion: Article 25 guarantees the right to freedom of religion, which includes the right to profess, practice and propagate any religion of one’s choice.
5 . Cultural and Educational Rights: Articles 29 and 30 provide for the protection of the interests of minorities and the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
6 . Right to Constitutional Remedies: Article 32 provides for the right to move the Supreme Court for the enforcement of fundamental rights.
The fundamental rights enshrined in Part III of the Indian Constitution are enforceable by the courts. Any law or action by the government that violates these fundamental rights can be challenged in a court of law.
In conclusion, Part III of the Indian Constitution guarantees several fundamental rights to all citizens of India. These rights are essential for the growth and development of individuals and society as a whole. It is the duty of the government and the judiciary to ensure that these rights are upheld and protected at all times.