The Constitution of India has seven parts, each dealing with different aspects of governance. Part VII of the Indian Constitution deals with the States in Part B of the First Schedule. This part of the Constitution outlines the legislative and executive powers of the states in Part B, as well as the role of the Governor and the High Court.
States in Part B of the First Schedule were states that were not part of the original provinces of India, but were created after the partition of India in 1947. These states were administered by the Centre until they were granted statehood in 1950. Part B states were also given a special status under the Constitution, as they were entitled to certain privileges and exemptions.
The legislative powers of the Part B states are outlined in Article 162 of the Constitution. The state legislature has the power to make laws on all subjects listed in the State List and the Concurrent List, except those that are specifically reserved for the Parliament. The executive powers of the state are vested in the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. The Governor is responsible for appointing the Chief Minister and other ministers, as well as for the administration of the state.
The Part B states also have their own High Courts, which have jurisdiction over the state’s territory. The High Court is responsible for interpreting the Constitution and the laws of the state, as well as hearing appeals from lower courts. The Governor is also responsible for appointing the Chief Justice and other judges of the High Court.
In conclusion, Part VII of the Indian Constitution outlines the special status and powers granted to the States in Part B of the First Schedule. Understanding this part of the Constitution is important for understanding the unique governance structure of these states, as well as the role of the Governor and the High Court in their administration.