Part XXII of the Indian Constitution deals with important provisions such as the short title, commencement, authoritative text in Hindi, and repeals. These provisions are crucial for understanding the applicability and interpretation of the Constitution in India.
The short title of the Constitution is mentioned in Article 393. It is called the Constitution of India and it came into effect on January 26, 1950. This means that all the provisions mentioned in the Constitution are applicable from this date onwards.
Article 394 provides for the authoritative text of the Constitution in Hindi. The original text of the Constitution was in English, but it was later translated into Hindi and other official languages of India. The Hindi version is considered the authoritative text for all legal purposes, including interpretation and application of the Constitution.
Another important provision under Part XXII is the provision for the commencement of the Constitution. This is mentioned in Article 394A and it states that the Constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950, except for certain provisions that came into effect on different dates. For example, the provisions related to citizenship came into effect on January 26, 1950, while the provisions related to elections came into effect on January 26, 1952.
Finally, Part XXII also deals with the provision for repeals. Article 395 provides that the Government of India Act, 1935, and all the laws made under it, shall be repealed from the date the Constitution comes into effect. This means that the Constitution of India is the supreme law of the land and all the previous laws are superseded by it.
In conclusion, Part XXII of the Indian Constitution is an essential component that deals with important provisions such as the short title, commencement, authoritative text in Hindi, and repeals. These provisions provide clarity and certainty about the applicability and interpretation of the Constitution in India.