This post provides an introduction to the Preamble of the Constitution of India. It explains the fundamental principles and values that the Preamble sets forth, including sovereignty, socialism, secularism, democracy, justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity.
The Preamble to the Constitution of India is an introductory statement that sets forth the objectives and purposes of the Constitution. It was adopted on 26th November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India and came into effect on 26th January 1950, the day when India became a republic.
The Preamble reads as follows:
“We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens:
Justice, social, economic and political; Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
In our Constituent Assembly, this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this Constitution.”
The Preamble contains the fundamental principles and values that are the basis of the Indian Constitution. It begins with the phrase “We, the people of India,” which emphasizes the fact that the Constitution is created by and for the people of India. The Preamble also declares India to be a “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic,” which means that India is an independent nation with its own government, which is based on socialist, secular, and democratic principles.
The Preamble also lays out the goals that the Constitution aims to achieve. These goals include justice (social, economic, and political), liberty (of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship), equality (of status and of opportunity), and fraternity (assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation). These goals reflect the aspirations of the people of India for a society that is just, free, and equal.
In conclusion, the Preamble to the Constitution of India is an important statement that sets forth the principles and values that underpin the Indian Constitution. It represents the aspirations of the people of India for a just, free, and equal society.