Article 2 of the Indian Constitution deals with the admission or establishment of new states in India. This article provides guidelines for the formation of new states and their inclusion in the Union of India. In this post, we will discuss Article 2 of the Indian Constitution in detail.
Article 2 of the Indian Constitution states that the Parliament may by law admit into the Union of India, or establish new states on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit. This means that Parliament has the power to create new states or admit new territories as states under certain conditions.
The conditions for the creation of a new state are as follows:
A resolution must be passed by the State Legislature of the concerned state, requesting the Parliament to form a new state.
The Parliament must then pass a law to admit the new state or to establish a new state.
The President of India must give his assent to the law.
The creation of a new state requires a constitutional amendment, and the amendment process is the same as that of any other constitutional amendment. The new state will have the same powers and privileges as any other state in the Indian Union.
In addition to the above, Article 2 also provides for the merger of two or more states or union territories into a single state. The Parliament may, by law, admit into the Union or establish new states on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit. This means that Parliament has the power to merge two or more states or union territories into a single state.
To sum up, Article 2 of the Indian Constitution gives Parliament the power to admit new states or establish new states on certain conditions. It is important to note that the creation of a new state requires a constitutional amendment and the President’s assent. The provisions of Article 2 help to maintain the unity and integrity of the Indian Union while also ensuring that the interests of different regions are adequately represented.