Parts Of Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world, comprising of 448 articles and 12 schedules. It is a comprehensive document that lays down the framework for India’s governance and administration. The Constitution is divided into 25 parts, each of which deals with a specific area of governance. In this article, we will explore the different parts of the Indian Constitution.
Part III enshrines the fundamental rights of Indian citizens, including the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, and right to constitutional remedies.
Part IV lays down the directive principles of state policy, which provide guidance to the government in its decision-making process. The principles cover a wide range of issues, including economic and social justice, healthcare, education, and environmental protection.
Part IVA was added to the Constitution in 1976 and lays down the fundamental duties of Indian citizens. The duties include respecting the Constitution and the national flag, promoting harmony and brotherhood, and protecting the environment.
Part XI deals with the distribution of powers between the central and state governments, and lays down the rules for the resolution of disputes between them.
Part XVIII outlines emergency provisions, including provisions for suspending fundamental rights and imposing restrictions on the exercise of certain rights during a state of emergency. It also provides for the central government’s increased powers in administering states during an emergency and the President’s powers in
Part XXII provides for the short title and commencement of the Constitution, and the repeal of the Government of India Act, 1935.
Part XXIII contains the schedules to the Constitution, including details of the states and union territories, the official languages of India, and the forms of oaths and affirmations.
In conclusion, the Indian Constitution’s structure is comprehensive and covers a wide range of areas of governance, providing a framework for India’s governance and administration. The different parts of the Constitution aim to ensure that power is distributed among the various branches of government and that the rights and freedoms of citizens are protected. Understanding the Constitution’s different parts is essential to grasp India’s governance structure and the role of the central and state governments in administering the country.